What is a colon polyp?
Two Types of Polyps
Hyperplastic Polyps usually in the form of tiny bumps on the rectum and the colon sigmoid. Its colour is similar to and usually lighter than that of the intestinal mucosa.
Hyperplastic Polyps are unlikely to develop into malignant tumours. However, it is not possible to determine if the polyp is benign or malignant. A polyp removal procedure will be carried out and have the tissue sent for a cancer biopsy.
【Unhealthy Lifestyles and Diets】
Following a low-fibre and high-fat diet (especially red meat), smoking, alcohol consumption is going to irritate the intestinal mucosa and stimulate abnormal cell growth to form polyps.
- Change in bowel habits (have diarrhoea/ constipation over a week)
- Black or red streaked stool
- Blood or mucus in the stool
- Belly pain etc.
Do I have to remove my polyps?
Most colorectal cancers are developed from a polyp. Even though most polyps are benign at the early stage, it is possible for the polyps to further deteriorate and become cancerous if a timely removal procedure is not carried out. Therefore, if a bowel polyp is found, it should be removed immediately.
Can I have my polyps removed while having a colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy is a common intestinal exam in Hong Kong. It uses a soft intestinal endoscope of diameter around 1.3 cm to enter your colon from the anus and examine your colon wall carefully. The doctor can know the condition of your colon wall from the screen. It is also possible to remove polyps with other medical devices simultaneously. The doctor may take tissues for a biopsy if the polyps are suspected to be cancerous.